Part-time training: This is how part-time training works

Working part-time is a well-known model, which is much less known: it is also possible to do part-time training . The instrument is designed to enable more people to obtain a professional qualification, even if their personal circumstances do not allow them to work full-time. With greater flexibility, part-time training can be beneficial and can be an important alternative for trainees - but there may be disadvantages that should be considered. Here's what you need to know about part-time education, how it works, and the pros and cons of doing so ...

Part time training: how does it work?
For some years now companies have been complaining about not finding enough trainees, which is why apprenticeships are vacant again and again. One reason is the lack of young talent, because the Germans are getting fewer and fewer children, but above all, it attracts more and more young people to universities and colleges. While lecture halls are bursting at the seams, the proportion of those who want to complete vocational training is decreasing.

Therefore, to enable more young people to receive training, part-time training was initiated. Essentially, this is exactly what the name implies: Instead of a full-time trainee position, training is carried out with a reduced weekly or daily working time . The legal framework is provided by the Vocational Training Act. It stipulates that a shortening of the daily or weekly working hours is possible - but under certain conditions.

Part-time education is specific and only for people who meet certain requirements. The law speaks of legitimate interest , which exists especially in these cases:

Care of own children
Care of a relatives in need of care, for example, parents
Health restriction or disability
Participation in competitive sports
Part-time education is therefore mainly aimed at young parents, for whom it may be difficult to combine childcare with full-time education.

In practice, this means that part-time training reduces working hours to 20 hours per week, depending on individual agreements and agreements between employer and trainee.

It is especially important that the time spent at the vocational school is not affected by the part-time regulation! This shortens the time that is learned and worked in the company.

A further special feature , if you wish to complete a part-time training: Many go initially assumes that the entire training period extended if the working week is reduced. However, this is not necessarily the case. It is quite possible to complete part-time education in the period of usually three years. It is possible, however, to extend the overall training period, depending on the individual situation.

This results in two different possibilities :

Part-time training with extension of the training period
If you work at least 20 hours a week (including the hours spent at the vocational school), the entire duration of the training can be extended. Normally, the training period is increased by six months.

Part-time training without extension of the training period
If part-time training takes between 25 and 30 hours (including the hours spent at the vocational school), there is no intention of extending the duration of the training. Here it is possible to complete the training in the normal time of three years.

Who offers training part-time
Part-time training provider requirements
Basically, there is the possibility of part-time training according to the Federal Ministry of Education in all occupations that are taught in the dual system, ie in the company and in vocational school. The challenge for prospective trainees is to find a company that offers part-time training. Here it depends on the respective agreements, but also industry and occupation can have an influence. Especially in these areas and professions there are part-time apprenticeships:

Healthcare industry , such as nursing staff in clinics
Commercial professions , such as industrial clerks
Freelance professions , such as physiotherapists, physiotherapists or midwives
Crafting professions , such as hairdressers
Occupations in public service , such as administrative assistant
If apprentices can agree on a part-time regulation with the training company, an application must also be submitted to the Chamber of Commerce or Chamber of Crafts. Here, the responsible training consultant decides whether the training goals can be taught in the desired part-time or whether an extension of the training time (as explained above) is necessary.

Advantages and disadvantages of part-time training
First of all, part-time training focuses on the positive aspects. Finally, the aim of the scheme is to provide more young people with good vocational training.

For those who are considering part-time education, there are three main benefits :

Better reconciliation of family and work
More (temporal) flexibility in everyday life
Full graduation
After all, part-time training is not enough to end up with a B degree , vocational training is absolutely complete and is in no way inferior to other full-time vocational training. In addition, it is also possible in the middle of a switch from part-time to full-time, after consultation with the employer, if, for example, a day-care center for the child was found.

In return, companies that offer part-time apprenticeships open up completely new groups of applicants : young mothers, who often have a good school diploma and are often certified with a strong sense of responsibility, a high level of team and performance orientation.

Unfortunately, on the other hand, there can also be disadvantages . Perhaps the biggest one can be found in the pay. Although official agencies always point out that the trainee salary for part-time does not necessarily have to be reduced and is not cut by all companies. In reality, however, part-time trainees often have to settle for a correspondingly lower, proportionately reduced salary.

For apprentices, therefore, the following applies: Always inquire with the employment agency for a training allowance. The chances of training allowance are particularly good for young parents and long-distance commuters. However, the income from the spouse and also the parents is counted. Just calculate your personal scenario , the Federal Agency offers a computer in the network .

Another potential disadvantage: you must learn the same skills and qualifications as everyone else in less time. This is not true at the vocational school, because the time here remains untouched. In the practical part, however, you have less time available - nothing changes in terms of training content and goals. So you have a larger workload that should not be underestimated.